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La comunicación con dificultades en el habla

La psicóloga del centro piloto de Aspace Barcelona, con quien tuvimos ocasión de hablar, comenta que existen multitud de casos en los cuales la comunicación oral con el paciente resulta, en mayor o menor grado, dificultosa, ya que el paciente tiene distintos impedimentos para expresarse debido a la parálisis cerebral.

Fotografía de un Alphatalker.


Cuenta que existe un amplio abanico de casos que dependen de la propia persona, de manera que puede tratar con pacientes totalmente incapaces de hablar pero que saben escribir y se comunican por ordenador, o con otros a los que, por ejemplo, se les entienden ciertas palabras pero las demás las tienen que repetir, escribirlas o señalarlas en una tabla de abecedario.

Fotografía de un generador de voz.

Simple generador de voz

Así pues, en el caso de la terapia psicológica, que suele exigir un nivel de comunicación fluida para averiguar o comentar los distintos sentimientos y pensamientos del paciente, los casos comentados exigen diversos elementos para facilitar el diálogo.

Actualmente, tal como comenta, los diversos sistemas existentes han avanzado mucho gracias a la tecnología, de manera que la sesión de terapia se puede desarrollar de distintas formas dependiendo de las dificultades del paciente y de los elementos de que éste disponga.

Fotografía de un Teclado generador de voz.

Teclado generador de voz

Se puede utilizar una pantalla en medio de los interlocutores donde el paciente va escribiendo lo que piensa y luego el paciente lo mira, tablets con abecedarios para señalar solo determinadas palabras o inicios de palabras, o incluso sistemas en los que se escribe el contenido pertinente y luego éste es reproducido por una voz mecánica de ordenador.

Fotografía de una Tablet adaptada.

Tablet adaptada

Este último elemento es de los más sofisticados, y resulta realmente útil para aquellos pacientes que no pueden hablar. Herramientas como Iriscom permiten la comunicación y el manejo de un ordenador mediante la mirada, lo cual resulta un gran ejemplo de cómo la tecnología puede ayudar a las personas con afectaciones realmente severas.

Fotografía del Iriscom.

Iriscom (Fuente: diotocio.blogspot.com)

Se pueden utilizar elementos de comunicación menos sofisticados y tecnológicos, todo dependerá de las necesidades del paciente,  por lo que es importante averiguar sus distintas capacidades para valorar si necesita hacer uso de los distintos pulsadores, teclados y software presentes en el mercado.

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    1. Anna Marchessi Autor

      No, somos un grupo de estudiantes. Quizás en la Asociación de Parálisis Cerebral (http://www.aspace.org/) puedas encontrar información al respecto, ya que allí hay muchos profesionales con conocimientos específicos sobre el tema. En Barcelona puedes preguntar llamando al 93 325 83 00. Mil gracias por leernos!

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